О белгороде на английском языке с переводом



учебно-методический материал по английскому языку (11 класс) на тему

Устная тема по английскому «Мой родной город». Прошлое, настоящее и будущее г. Белгорода.


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Belgorod is one of the oldest towns in the country. It has a long and interesting history, which dates back to the ancient times. People settled on the Seversky Donets River in the Stone and Bronze Ages. The first settlements of the Slavs were established there approximately in the 11-th century.

Belgorod is first mentioned in the chronicles in the year 1237. Originally it was a very small settlement of the Slavs atop the chalky hil overlooking the Seversky Donets River, which was then a deep and navigable river. The White Hill gave its name to the future fortress town into which the little settlement had grown up by the 16-th century.

In 1596, under Tsar Fyodor, a fortress was built on the south boundary of the Russian State. It was of great strategic importance as it repulsed the attacks of the Tatar and Mongol Hordes. The fortress «whitetown» was founded by the Russian army chiefs (voevodes) Princes Michael Nosdrevaty and Andrew Volkonsky on June 16, 1596. That’s why June 16, 1596 is considered to be Belgorod’s birthday.

The people of Whitetown were occupied with fishing and hunting wild deer, brown bears and wild goats.

After the Polish and Lithuanian invasion of 17-th century Belgorod was destroyed and all its wooden buildings were burnt. In 1626 the new fortress of Belgorod was built on the left bank of the Seversky Donets River, opposite the old site. But that new site of the fortress was rather inconvenient: it was low and swampy. In spring there always was the hazard of overflow.

During the reign of Tsar Michael Romanov the noblemen N.T. Odoevsky and V.P. Sheremetyev were sent to find a new site for the fortress of Belgorod. And the building of the new fortress on the right bank of the river began in 1650.

Now it was situated between the rivers Seversky Donets and Vesyolka. Belgorod had been built by 1651 under the supervision of the army chief (voevode) Prince B.A. Repnin. Later on a bridge was erected across the Seversky Donets River. At the end of the 17-th century and the beginning of the 18-th century Belgorod had a monastery of St. Nicholas founded by order of Boris Godunov in 1599, a nunnery, 9 churches and 353 houses.

4 стр., 1995 слов

Моя малая родина на английском языке с переводом

... организация, престижный международный сертификат по английскому языку, приемлемая цена экзамена! Сочинение на тему мое село на английском языке с переводом 5 вариантов ... my small Motherland. Я бы хотела рассказать о моей малой Родине. Мой маленький посёлок мало, чем отличается от тихих ... the 18th century, when the people began to settle on the left bank of the river Severski Donets (Siverskoye), ...

Gradually Belgorod grew stronger and in 1727 it became the chief administrative centre of the region, comprising the Belgorod, the Oryol and the Kursk provinces with their 33 towns and cities and a population of 1.146 000 inhabitants. In 1766 many wooden houses, mainly in the central part of Belgorod were burnt by fire. Two years later a general plan for reconstruction was approved by Katherine II. According to this plan the streets of Belgorod became straight and regular.

In the course of centuries Belgorod has changed its status several times. In 1785 after the abolition of the Crimea Kingdom, Belgorod ceased to be a fortress. It became a district centre and still later, before and during the Second World War Belgorod was considered a district centre belonging to the Kursk region. Only in 1954 according to a special decree it became a centre of Ihe Belgorod region separate from the Kursk region.

II. After the October Revolution and the Civil War which was a hard period in the life of the Belgorod district the town began to restore and develop its economy and agriculture. Many factories, plants, power-stations, houses were built, collective and state farms were organized.

On June 22, 1941 the Great Patriotic War broke out. The fascist invaders came twice to occupy Belgorod in the course of three years. For the first time Belgorod was occupied on October 24, 1941 after a heavy battle at the village of Streletskoye in which the Red Army was defeated.

The victory in the battle of Kursk Bulge was of great importance as it was a turning point in the Great Patriotic War.

On August 5, 1943 Moscow fired a salute in honour of the liberation of Belgorod and Oryol for the first time during the war years. Belgorod is justly called the «Town of the First Salute». Since then it became a tradition to mark every victory of the Red Army by firing salute in its honour. To commemorate the battle of Kursk Bulge the Kursk Bulge Diorama museum was opened in the centre of Belgorod on August 3,1987.

III. Belgorod was razed to the ground during the Great Patriotic War. When the Red Army entered Belgorod it found there only 150 inhabitants alive out of 34.500 before the War. The town lay in ruins. As soon as Belgorod was liberated restoration work began. The inhabitants of Belgorod began to reconstruct the destroyed industrial enterprises, many new ones were built up, agriculture was reorganized. Blocks of beautiful buildings rose up in the town and thousands of people moved into new homes.

Nowadays Belgorod is one of the administrative, industrial and cultural centres of the Russian Federation in the South of the Black Earth Zone. Its population is about 300.000 people and its area is 300 square kilometres.

As an industrial centre Belgorod has 60 industrial enterprises including the Power Engineering Works, the Plant of Metalline Constructions, the Milling-Cutter Plant, the Cement Plant, the Cannery, the Furniture Factory, the Shoe Factory, the Clothes Factory and others.

10 стр., 4540 слов

Топик great britain | великобритания на английском языке

... отличия между Великобританией, Англией и Соединенным Королевством. Топик по английскому «Великобритания» (Great Britain) The United Kingdom of Great Britain and ... товаров из железа и стали. Наиболее важные промышленные города Великобритании – это Лондон, Бирмингэм, Манчестер, Глазго, Ливерпуль, Лидз, ... Страна имеет население в 60 млн. человек на территории 244 тыс. кв. км. Острова омываются ...

There are more than 20 research and designing institutes in Belgorod. Belgorod is an educational centre of the region. In it there are six establishments of higher education: Belgorod State University, the Technological University of Building Materials, the Cooperative University, t he Agricultural Academy, the Institute of Culture and the Institute of Jurisprudence. Belgorod has a lot of secondary educational establishments. Highly-skilled workers are trained in vocational schools.

The heart of the town is Sobornaya Square. It’s the place of mass demonstrations, festivities and meetings. In the Square there is a monument to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War with the eternal flame burning at the tomb.

There are 49 monuments and about 50 memorial places telling the citizens of Belgorod and the visitors about the historical events, the feats of arms and of labour of townspeople.

Of great historical interest is the Belgorod Land Study Museum. The halls of the Museum acquaint its visitors with collections of documents, armoury, coins, clothes and furniture. You can also see there fine collections of insects, stuffed animals and birds. There are also some Palaces of Culture, modern department stores, the Puppet Show, multi-storey buildings, new streets and districts, including the Kharkov hill district. All these have changed the «White town» beyond recognition. The aspects of the town are constantly changing.

The townspeople are proud of the town and do their best to make it more beautiful.

Belgorod authorities attach great importance to the conservation of national culture, and monuments of history and culture. Like all cities with several centuries of history, Belgorod combines in its architecture the beauty of old buildings with the grandeur and originality of modern ones.

Belgorod has been birthplace of many famous people known to all the country: poet and publicist, officer V.F. Raievskiy, whose family estate was in the village of Hvorostianka (now the village of Raievskoie, Goubkinskiy area).

A participant of the Patriotic War of 1812, he was awarded a golden sword for courage. In 1825, the Decembrist Raievskiy was sentenced to death, but then

exiled to Siberia. In 1856 Raievskiy was amnestied, but this freedom-loving man stayed in Siberia until his death.

On this land started and finished the brilliant but short life of N.V. Stankevich. During his studies at Moscow University he created a philosophic group, which greatly influenced social life in 1830s Russia.

The memory of Stankevich is perpetuated in the names of streets in Alexeevka (the Belgorod region), Voronezh and Moscow.

The great actor M.S. Shepkin was the pride of Russian theatre. He was born in the village of Krasnoie (now in the Yakovlevskiy area) in a serf family. Shepkin spent many years in provincial acting companies, suffered the severities and humiliations of migratory life, remaining a serf of the court of Wolkenstein. Only in 1822 was he redeemed on money collected by progressive people and invited to work to the moscow Theatre (since 1824 — the Maly Theatre).

2 стр., 982 слов

Белгород — мой город

... 21 веке Белгород — хорошо развитый город. С культурно — научными и экономическими ценностями. Нередко занимающий первое место в России по чистоте среди других городов. Среди всех достопримечательностей широко известны ... раньше этой даты. Поэтому в 1996 году местные власти отметили тысячелетие Белгорода. Изначально мой город основывался как крепость, стоящая у истока великой реки Дон, на ...

Shepkin dedicated 40 years of his life to this theatre.

In Belgorod a street and local theatre are named after Shepkin; a monument to the great actor is erected at the entrance to the theatre. There is a Shepkin museum in the village of Krasnoie.

По теме: методические разработки, презентации и конспекты

Проблема патриотического воспитания – это система деятельности любого образовательного учреждения и нашего профессионального училища, в частности. Изучение истории родного кра.

Белгородчина-древний край,имеющий тысячилетнюю историю.

Тема Белгород на английском языке: достопримечательности, рассказ о городе

Белгород — город на юге России. Belgorod is a city in the south of Russia.

Первый в России город, получивший звание «Город воинской славы». The first city in Russia, which received the title of “City of Military Glory.”

Белгород происходит от сочетания слов: белый и город. Belgorod comes from a combination of words: white and city

Здесь сухое лето, которое начинается уже в мае, мягкая зима с незначительными осадками. Here is a dry summer, which begins in May, a mild winter with little precipitation.

Осадки – precipitation [prɪˌsɪpɪˈteɪʃn̩]

Граница – border [ˈbɔːdə]

Белгород считается одним из наиболее чистых городов в РФ. Belgorod is considered one of the cleanest cities in russia. В городе больше всего русских — 92%, украинцы по численности на втором(1,5%), далее — армяне, грузины, молдаване. In the city, the most Russians – 92%, Ukrainians in number on the second (1.5%), then – Armenians, Georgians, Moldovans.

После развала СССР Белгород реально стал пограничным городом в 40 км от границы с Украиной. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Belgorod really became a border town 40 km from the border with Ukraine.

Белгород, по данным МВД, один из самых тихих городов России. Belgorod, according to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, is one of the quietest cities in Russia.

В городе будет, прежде всего, интересно любителям музеев и парков. In the city will be primarily interested in lovers of museums and parks.

Достопримечательности Белгорода. Belgorod Attractions.

Герб – coat of arms [kəʊt əv ˈɑ:mz]

Мероприятия – events [ɪˈvents]

Циферблат – dial [ˈdaɪəl]

Представители – representatives [ˌreprɪˈzentətɪvz]

1. Соборная площадь. Cathedral Square.

Она отличается от подобных мест в других городах оригинальным рисунком покрытия – на брусчатке выложен круг в виде солнца, в центр которого помещена медная карта Белгородской области, а по периметру располагаются гербы всех районов и округов области. На площади часто проходят праздники, парады, митинги и другие мероприятия.

It differs from similar places in other cities by an original drawing of a covering – on a paving stone the circle in the form of the sun is laid out, in the center of which the copper card of the Belgorod area is placed, and on the perimeter there are coats of arms of all regions and districts of the region. On the square often there are celebrations, parades, rallies and other events.

14 стр., 6651 слов

Рассказ о природе россии на английском языке с переводом

... — один из лидеров на мировой арене. Сочинения о России на английском языке с переводом на русский язык Представлена подборка сочинений о России на английском языке с переводом на русский язык. Every educated person on planet Earth knows that Russia is the largest ...

2. Памятник Владимиру Великому. Monument to Vladimir the Great.

Памятник в его честь установили в 1998 году, на его изготовление ушло 1,5 тонны меди. The monument in his honor was established in 1998, it took 1.5 tons of copper for its manufacture.

3. «Курская битва. Белгородское направление». “The Battle of Kursk. Belgorod direction »

Музей-диорама, посвященный Прохоровскому сражению. Он открылся в 1987 году. Museum-diorama, dedicated to the Battle of Prokhorov. It opened in 1987.

Также здесь много музеев: краеведческий, литературный.

Also there are many museums: local history, literary.

4. Драматический театр имени М. С. Щепкина. The Shchepkin Drama Theater.

Сцена открылась в 1930-х годах. The scene was opened in the 1930s

5. Белгородская государственная филармония

Belgorod State Philharmonic Society.

Здание Белгородской государственной филармонии – украшение городского пейзажа. The building of the Belgorod State Philharmonic Society – decoration of the cityscape.

6. Солнечные часы. Sundial.

Днем в солнечную погоду часы показывают время с точностью до 10 минут, ночью на циферблате можно рассмотреть звезды. In the daytime in sunny weather, the clock shows the time to within 10 minutes, at night on the dial you can view the stars.

7. Преображенский собор.

В архитектурном плане сооружение представляет собой образец русского провинциального классицизма. In architectural terms, the building is an example of Russian provincial classicism.

8. Белгородский зоопарк. Belgorod Zoo

В вольерах живут представители семейства кошачьих, медведи, лисы, волки, а также экзотические верблюды и кенгуру. Для детей работает контактный зоопарк, где можно погладить кроликов, козлят и подержать на руках цыплят. In the cages live representatives of the cat family, bears, foxes, wolves, as well as exotic camels and kangaroos. For children, there is a contact zoo where you can pet rabbits, kids and hold chicks in their hands.

9. Центральный Парк. Central Park.

По традиции центральный городской парк носит имя В. И. Ленина. Он был основан в 1950-х годах. By tradition, the central city park bears the name of Lenin. It was founded in the 1950s.

Сочинение о городе Белгород

Белгород располагается на границе с Украиной, на юге России. 80 километров до Харькова. Считается чистым, благоприятным для проживания городом. Спокойный и красивый город. Здесь много музеев, храмов, памятников, театров. Самое главное – есть площадь в центре. Много учебных заведений. Можно посетить зоопарк.

Belgorod is located on the border with Ukraine, in the south of Russia. 80 kilometers to Kharkov. It is considered to be a clean, city-friendly city. Quiet and beautiful city. There are many museums, churches, monuments, theaters here. Most importantly, there is an area in the center. Many educational institutions. You can visit the zoo.

Диалог – город Белгород

  • Привет
  • Добрый день
  • Ты из какого города?
  • Я живу в Москве, а ты?
  • А я в Белгороде.
  • Скажи, а где он находится?
  • В 700 километрах от Москвы. На юге России.
  • Что можно посетить, приехав в ваш город?
  • У нас много музеев, парков и соборов.

Много памятников. Также есть зоопарк, где очень много зверей.

9 стр., 4243 слов

Топик на английском языке с переводом «Museums – Музеи». ...

... many visitors from all countries in the British Museum. Музеи 1). Для тех людей, которые предпочитают пищу для ума, ... старых мастеров (38 полотен). Эта коллекция была подарена нации английским частным коллекционером сэром Джорджем Бомонтом. А какая коллекция размещается там ... не был. В течение нескольких лет она была закрыта на капитальный ремонт. Само собой разумеется, я бы хотел посетить ...

  • Понятно, спасибо, обязательно к вам приеду!
  • Hi
  • Good afternoon
  • What city are you from?
  • I live in Moscow, and you?
  • I am in Belgorod.
  • Tell me, where is he?
  • In 700 kilometers from Moscow. In the south of Russia.
  • What can I visit when I come to your city?
  • We have many museums, parks and cathedrals.

Many monuments. There is also a zoo where there are a lot of animals.

  • I see, thanks, I’ll definitely come to you!